Archive for February 3rd, 2014


Stylobates: Deep sea shell forming anemones

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Evidence of commensal symbiosis between two or more separate species can be observed worldwide. A case that stands out is the symbiosis displayed between the jeweled anemone hermit crab, Dardanus gemmatus, and two specific species of anemones, Calliactis polypus and Anthothoe sp. Hermit crabs protect their soft abdomen by inhabiting snail shells. The anemone hermit […]

Turtle cleaner stations

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I came to the Hawaiian Islands as a freshman with 8 years of diving under my belt and I had only seen one of the most important symbiotic relationships under the water once. I had spent my time diving in the Caribbean, Mexico, Costa Rica, and off of Maui but only once had I seen […]